Government Constitution

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We the citizens, of The Commonwealth of Redmont, in order to form a more perfect country, establish this Constitution to guarantee the preservation and protection of Justice, promote the general welfare of our citizens, and secure the liberty of our participation in the governance of this country. All citizens and the Government of Commonwealth of Redmont will abide by these here set principles to play and unite as one country, The Commonwealth of Redmont, hereinafter called redmont.


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PREAMBLE
The Government of Redmont is separated into three arms of Government: the Legislative, the Executive, and the Judiciary. To ensure the independence of the three arms, no one can be part of more than one arm (meaning this the Cabinet, the chambers of the Congress and the Court). If a player runs for Representative, Senator or President while being from another arm and gets elected, they will have to choose between being what they have been chosen to become or keeping their current position in the other arm. It's important to note that the Government and the Server Staff have completely different roles and functions.

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SECTION I - THE CONGRESS

Legislative Power

Legislative power is vested in the Congress, consisting of two equal chambers, hereinafter called The Senate and The House of Representatives.

Role of Congress
The Congress is responsible for debating, creating, removing, and amending country laws and specified rules. The Congress is therefore key in representing the will of the people, allowing every citizen to have either a direct or indirect impact on the governance of the country.

Once the bill has passed through Congress, it is then sent to the President for their approval. The President has 5 days to sign or veto a bill from the time that they are notified, otherwise he or she will be in violation of their constitutional duties and the bill will be auto-vetoed.

Responsible for the creation, as well as the modification and removal of all server laws.
  • Responsible for the creation, as well as the modification and removal of all server laws.
  • Congress can also change rules in addition to laws, but only rules that affect groups that the government has oversight of.
  • Congress has the ability to amend the Constitution as prescribed by Section V of this Constitution
  • Congress may amend, create, regulate through appropriations, and remove government departments, including the roles and responsibilities they hold, and the positions within them. All of these except regulation through appropriations are complex changes.
  • Congress can override an Executive Order (EO) made by the President by a super majority vote in both chambers.
  • Congress can override a Presidential veto by super majority vote in both chambers.
  • Congress can impose, amend, cease, and collect taxes.
  • Congress can check, approve, or deny government spending
  • Congress cannot give themselves power over other branches of Government nor can they take power away from them.
  • Congress cannot override a veto on an appropriations bill.
  • Congress cannot override a veto of a complex change.
  • The Congress shall have the power to originate an Appropriations bill which shall allocate Government funds for specific purposes. Such a bill may be proposed at any time unless otherwise codified in law outside this Constitution.
  • Congress may pass non-binding resolutions as formal requests to the Executive and the Departments. These do not require presidential assent.
  • Congress may vote to remove the President for being unfit for office through the defined impeachment process or the defined process of the President being considered incapacitated.

The House of Representatives
The House of Representatives shall consist of 15 citizens, referred to as Representatives (Abbreviated Rep.) who are elected for 2-month terms. The House of Representatives is where all bills originate from.

The House of Representatives must have more than 50% of its total seats occupied to approve any motion or bill.

In the event that a vacancy arises in the House, the members of the House may vote amongst themselves to approve a new member to the chamber. Such a motion would require a supermajority to pass and does not require Senate approval or Presidential assent. The House may also motion for a Special Election in accordance with the law outside the Constitution.

Any person may submit a petition on the forums to recall a Representative. Should at least 20 other unique people sign the petition, a referendum shall be held no more than 24 hours later. The referendum shall last for 48 hours. The live results of such an election shall not be made public and the results shall only be disclosed once polling has concluded. To determine the outcome of the referendum, the official in question is removed from office if the percentage of nays is less than the percentage that represents their seat in Congress. For example, if there are 4 seats in the House, each seat represents 25% and therefore fewer than 25% of responses would need to be nay for the official to be removed.

  • The House of Representatives is responsible for the creation of all bills.
  • The House of Representatives begins the process of overriding a non-complex Presidential veto by a supermajority of votes. Such a motion would then be delivered to the Senate.
  • Congress cannot override a veto of a complex change.
  • Congress cannot give themselves power over other branches of Government nor can they take power away from
  • Can impeach government officials, and ex-government officials no more than 2 months after leaving office, if the actions that led to impeachment happened while in office.
  • The House shall have the power to issue a motion of Censure against any person or group. This has no legal repercussions and is purely a statement of disapproval. Should this motion be specific to the House’s disapproval it does not require Senate approval or Presidential assent. Should this motion seek to represent the whole Congress’s disapproval it must also attain Senate approval but not Presidential assent.
  • The House may create and start a vote on non-binding resolutions. These do not require presidential assent.

The Senate
The Senate shall consist of 6 citizens, referred to as Senators (Abbreviated Sen.) who are elected for 4 month terms. The Senate acts as the house of review to the House of Representatives and cannot originate any bills.

The Senate shall internally elect a President Pro Tempore whose only powers shall be to cast an additional tie-breaking vote only in the event that the Vice President is vacant and to become President in the event that the President, Vice President, and Speaker are all vacant simultaneously.
The Senate must have more than 50% of its total seats occupied to approve any motion, bill, or Presidential nomination. The Vice President does not count towards this figure of quorum.

In the event that a vacancy arises in the Senate, the members of the House may vote amongst themselves to approve a new member to the chamber. Such a motion would require a supermajority to pass and would require Senate approval but not Presidential assent. The House may also motion for a Special Election in accordance with the law outside the Constitution.

Motions to override Presidential veto are presided over by the President Pro Tempore rather than the Vice President to prevent bias

Any person may submit a petition on the forums to recall a Senator. Should at least 20 other unique people sign the petition, a referendum shall be held no more than 24 hours later. The referendum shall last for 48 hours. The live results of such an election shall not be made public and the results shall only be disclosed once polling has concluded. To determine the outcome of the referendum, the official in question is removed from office if the percentage of nays is less than the percentage that represents their seat in Congress. For example, if there are 4 seats in the Senate, each seat represents 25% and therefore fewer than 25% of responses would need to be nay for the official to be removed.

  • Responsible for reviewing all bills passed by the House of Representatives and voting on them as well as making amendments where they see fit.
  • Approving and overturning motions of no confidence.
  • Responsible for conducting impeachment trials after the house has impeached the official or ex-official, whereby a supermajority is required to decide a verdict. The Chief Justice shall Chair trials in place of the Vice President if the President or the Vice President is the one under question. The Senate can only issue punishments to a verdict as specified within this constitution.
  • Responsible for approving and rejecting players nominated by the President for Cabinet and Judicial appointments.
  • The Senate shall have the power to issue a motion of Censure against any person or group. This has no legal repercussions and is purely a statement of disapproval. Should this motion be specific to the Senate’s disapproval it does not require House approval or Presidential assent.
  • The Senate may create and start a vote on non-binding resolutions. These do not require presidential assent.
  • Responsible for approving the signage/revocation/leaving of any treaty in which the Commonwealth of Redmont is involved, after a motion started by the President and through a simple majority vote.

Speaker of the House of Representatives
The House of Representatives is presided over by the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who is responsible for maintaining the good order and efficient running of the chamber, as well as chairing meetings, facilitating the voting of bills, and ensuring the timely passage of Bills to the Senate. The Speaker position is voted on by the House of Representatives immediately after congressional elections.

In order to remove the Speaker’s appointment, the Speaker must resign from Speakership or lose to a vote of no confidence (supermajority).
The Speaker’s first order of business is to amend or reaffirm the standing orders of the House of Representatives.

In the event of a vacant court, or that no Judge is in the capacity to preside over such a case, the Speaker may preside.

President of the Senate
The Senate is presided over by the Vice President, who is responsible for maintaining the good order and efficient running of the chamber, as well as chairing meetings, facilitating the voting of bills, casting tie-breaking votes, and ensuring the timely passage of Bills to the President for Approval.

Elections
Elections for the House of Representatives shall be conducted through a system of Proportional Representation outlined outside this constitution. Elections for the Senate shall be conducted through block voting. It is the duty of the Courts to strike down election acts that do not reflect the electoral processes outlined outside of the constitution. In the event that such a Court ruling occurs, the previously lawful elections act would once again become law. A citizen can only sit in one chamber; Where a citizen is elected to both chambers, it will be that they assume their seat in the Senate and forfeit their Seat in the House of Representatives.
Candidates are to make their official political party affiliations known or if none, opt to run as an independent. Political parties cannot sponsor a higher number of candidates than seats that are up to vote.

The Senate shall be divided into two classes, Class A and Class B. Class A Senators are elected in January, May, and September elections. Class B Senators are elected in March, July, and November elections. For the January 2021 Senate election only, the entire Senate shall be up for election simultaneously and the two highest polling Senators shall be assigned to Class A while the third and fourth highest polling Senators shall be assigned to Class B.

In order to run for the House of Representatives, citizens need to meet these requirements:
  • Has accrued 24 hours playtime prior to declaring their intent to contest the election on the forums.
  • Is an active participant in the community, in-game, on discord, and on the forums.
In order to run for the Senate, citizens need to meet these requirements:
  • Has accrued 72 hours playtime prior to declaring their intent to contest the election on the forums
  • Is an active participant in the community, in-game, on discord, and on the forums.
Roles change following the counting of the votes.

Congress enters ‘caretaker mode’ on the first day of the electoral month. During this time any bill must receive a supermajority in any chamber which is undergoing elections with the exception of bills put up to a vote prior to the first day of ‘caretaker mode.’ To clarify, the Senate is not subject to the supermajority requirement when the House is undergoing elections but the Senate is not. Additionally, bills put up to a vote in the House prior to the first day of ‘caretaker mode’ are also exempt from the supermajority requirement in the Senate.

Time Period
House of Representatives:
-2 Month Term

Election Months:
January, March, May, July, September, and November

The Senate:
-4 Month Term

Election Months:
Class A:
January, May, September
Class B:
March, July, November

Between the 1st-10th is the Election Period.

Procedures for the Removal and Replacement of Congress Members
If a Representative or Senator is no longer fit for office, they can be removed from Congress early by the relevant presiding officer with the consent of all members of their chamber (Excluding the individual in question).

After a member of Congress has resigned or been removed: The relevant presiding officer is obligated to review the most recent election, if within 14 days of resignation or removal, to nominate the next winning candidate according to the electoral system used in the election. The nominee must receive a supermajority in both chambers in order to become a Representative or Senator. Congress must vote on a nomination or motion for a special election within four days of the resignation. A special election will be automatically triggered where there are no suitable candidates in the most recent election.

If there is an election coming for the position in question in the next 14 days a nomination can occur under the same guidelines as said above. If an election has not happened in the last 14 days or is not about to happen in the next 14 days for that position- a mandatory special election shall be called immediately. A special election shall work the same as a normal election however only the seat of the previously resigned/removed member shall be up for election. There shall not be a caretaker mode when a special election occurs. A special election shall consist of a 48 nomination period and 24 hour voting period.

Speaker of the House: 218218Consumer
Representative: 1950minecrafter
Representative: AndreyMia
Representative: Awesam5555
Representative: Ersy05
Representative: flightcode
Representative: FracturedGhast7
Representative: Hamhamham420
Representative: huney69
Representative: JoeGamer2120
Representative: northeastprince
Representative: ReinausPrinzzip
Representative: Rurge
Representative: Tylxrfied
Representative: xEndeavour

President Pro Tempore: JoanM999
Senator: Canxx01
Senator: GoldBlooded
Senator: pugbandit
Senator: tekkovvs
Senator: _Zab_

Useful links for the Congress
Congress
Standing Orders
Congressional Process

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SECTION II - THE COURTS

Judicial Power
Judicial power is vested in the court.

Role‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌Federal‌ ‌Court‌ ‌System‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont
The‌ ‌Judicial‌ ‌arm‌ ‌of‌ ‌Government,‌ ‌consisting‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court,‌ ‌Federal Court,‌ ‌and‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court,‌ ‌
interpret‌ ‌the‌ ‌law‌ ‌as‌ ‌written‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌legislature‌ ‌and‌ ‌administered‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌Executive.‌ ‌



DISTRICT COURT

Role‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌
The‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌hears‌ ‌all‌ ‌minor‌ ‌civil‌ ‌and‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌disputes‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌first‌ ‌instance.‌ ‌ ‌
It‌ ‌is‌ ‌presided‌ ‌over‌ ‌by‌ ‌a‌ ‌single‌ ‌Magistrate‌ ‌under‌ ‌the‌ ‌supervision‌ ‌of‌ ‌a‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌or‌ ‌Justice.‌ ‌Lawsuits‌ ‌are‌ ‌made‌ ‌
in‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Courthouse‌ ‌subforum.‌ ‌Lawsuits‌ ‌can‌ ‌be‌ ‌either‌ ‌civil‌ ‌cases‌ ‌(a‌ ‌dispute‌ ‌between‌ ‌two‌ ‌parties,‌ ‌
usually‌ ‌seeking‌ ‌compensation)‌ ‌or‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌cases‌ ‌(an‌ ‌appeal‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌state‌ ‌against‌ ‌a‌ ‌charge,‌ ‌or‌ ‌a‌ ‌case‌ ‌filed‌ ‌
by‌ ‌the‌ ‌state‌ ‌regarding‌ ‌a‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌act).‌ ‌Where‌ ‌there‌ ‌is‌ ‌a‌ ‌failure‌ ‌to‌ ‌appear,‌ ‌the‌ ‌presiding‌ ‌Magistrate,‌ ‌with‌ ‌
the‌ ‌approval‌ ‌of‌ ‌a‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌or‌ ‌Justice,‌ ‌will‌ ‌deliver‌ ‌a‌ ‌verdict‌ ‌considering‌ ‌the‌ ‌facts‌ ‌presented‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌Court.‌ ‌
Each‌ ‌town‌ ‌or‌ ‌city‌ ‌shall‌ ‌be‌ ‌considered‌ ‌a‌ ‌district‌ ‌and‌ ‌shall‌ ‌have‌ ‌one‌ ‌Magistrate.‌ ‌

Powers‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌
The‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌is‌ ‌the‌ ‌appellate‌ ‌court‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌first‌ ‌instance‌ ‌for‌ ‌arrests,‌ ‌wrongful‌ ‌seizure,‌ ‌and‌ ‌
in‌ ‌general‌ ‌DoJ‌ ‌police‌ ‌misconduct.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌makes‌ ‌judgments‌ ‌on‌ ‌minor‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌prosecutions‌ ‌that‌ ‌result‌ ‌in‌ ‌jail‌ ‌not‌ ‌
exceeding‌ ‌10‌ ‌minutes‌ ‌or‌ ‌$1000‌ ‌dollars‌ ‌of‌ ‌fines.‌ ‌ ‌
The‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌makes‌ ‌judgments‌ ‌on‌ ‌minor‌ ‌civil‌ ‌cases‌ ‌whose‌ ‌value‌ ‌does‌ ‌not‌ ‌exceed‌ ‌
$5,000‌ ‌dollars.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌can‌ ‌hear‌ ‌cases‌ ‌that‌ ‌do‌ ‌not‌ ‌involve‌ ‌a‌ ‌lawyer.‌ ‌



FEDERAL COURT

Role‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌Federal Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Federal Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌is‌ ‌the‌ ‌appellate‌ ‌court‌ ‌for‌ ‌verdicts‌ ‌made‌ ‌on‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌charges‌ ‌and‌ ‌civil‌ ‌
actions‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Courts‌ ‌and‌ ‌hears‌ ‌all‌ ‌major‌ ‌civil‌ ‌and‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌disputes‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌first‌ ‌instance.‌ ‌It‌ ‌is‌ ‌
presided‌ ‌over‌ ‌by‌ ‌a‌ ‌single‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌or‌ ‌Justice‌ ‌provided‌ ‌that‌ ‌they‌ ‌were‌ ‌not‌ ‌involved‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌initial,‌ ‌District-level‌ ‌
ruling.‌ ‌Appeals‌ ‌and‌ ‌Lawsuits‌ ‌are‌ ‌to‌ ‌be‌ ‌made‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ Federal Courthouse‌ ‌subforum.‌ ‌Appeals‌ ‌can‌ ‌be‌ ‌made‌ ‌against‌ ‌rulings‌ ‌made‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court.‌ ‌Lawsuits‌ ‌can‌ ‌be‌ ‌either‌ ‌civil‌ ‌cases‌ ‌(a‌ ‌dispute‌ ‌between‌ ‌two‌ ‌parties,‌ ‌usually‌ ‌seeking‌ ‌compensation)‌ ‌or‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌cases‌ ‌(an‌ ‌appeal‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌state‌ ‌against‌ ‌a‌ ‌charge,‌ ‌or‌ ‌a‌ ‌case‌ ‌filed‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌state‌ ‌regarding‌ ‌a‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌act).‌ ‌Where‌ ‌there‌ ‌is‌ ‌a‌ ‌failure‌ ‌to‌ ‌ appear,‌ ‌the‌ ‌presiding‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌will‌ ‌deliver‌ ‌a‌ ‌verdict‌ ‌considering‌ ‌the‌ ‌facts‌ ‌presented‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌Court.‌ ‌There‌ ‌shall‌ ‌not‌ ‌be‌ ‌more‌ ‌than‌ ‌five‌ ‌(5)‌ Judges‌ ‌on‌ ‌The‌ ‌Federal Court of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌at‌ ‌any‌ ‌given‌ ‌time.‌ ‌In‌ ‌order‌ ‌for‌ ‌a‌ ‌case‌ ‌to‌ ‌be‌ ‌heard,‌ ‌the‌ ‌Court‌ ‌
can‌ ‌order‌ ‌the‌ ‌plaintiff‌ ‌to‌ ‌have‌ ‌a‌ ‌lawyer‌ ‌to‌ ‌help‌ ‌them‌ ‌construct‌ ‌the‌ ‌lawsuit.‌ ‌

Powers‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌Federal Court
The‌ ‌Federal Court of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌is‌ ‌able‌ ‌to‌ ‌issue‌ ‌warrants‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌Department‌ ‌of‌ ‌Justice.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Federal ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌is‌ ‌responsible‌ ‌for‌ ‌resolving‌ ‌government‌ ‌disputes.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Federal ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌has‌ ‌the‌ ‌power‌ ‌to‌ ‌accept‌ ‌or‌ ‌reject‌ ‌appeals‌ ‌of‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌verdicts‌ ‌if‌ ‌
grounded‌ ‌in‌ ‌points‌ ‌of‌ ‌law.‌ ‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Federal ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌hears‌ ‌all‌ ‌Constitutional‌ ‌challenges.‌ ‌
The‌ Federal ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌‌ ‌makes‌ ‌judgments‌ ‌on‌ ‌all‌ ‌criminal‌ ‌cases.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌‌Federal Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌‌ ‌makes‌ ‌judgments‌ ‌on‌ ‌all‌ ‌civil‌ ‌cases.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Federal ‌Court‌ ‌can‌ ‌request‌ ‌that‌ ‌a‌ ‌plaintiff‌ ‌have‌ ‌a‌ ‌lawyer‌ ‌in‌ ‌order‌ ‌to‌ ‌proceed‌ ‌with‌ ‌their‌ ‌case.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Federal ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌may‌ ‌assume‌ ‌the‌ ‌responsibilities‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌event‌ ‌that‌ ‌the‌ ‌latter‌ ‌is‌ ‌unable‌ ‌to‌ ‌do‌ ‌so‌.‌ ‌ ‌



SUPREME COURT

Role‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌shall‌ ‌consist‌ ‌and‌ ‌be‌ ‌presided‌ ‌over‌ ‌by‌ ‌three‌ ‌Justices‌ ‌including‌ ‌a‌ ‌Chief‌ ‌
Justice‌ ‌who‌ ‌shall‌ ‌be‌ ‌nominated‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌President‌ ‌and‌ ‌confirmed‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌Senate‌ ‌and‌ ‌whose‌ ‌responsibility‌ ‌it‌ ‌will‌ ‌be‌ ‌to‌ ‌chair‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court.‌ ‌The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌acts‌ ‌as‌ ‌a‌ ‌Constitutional‌ ‌court;‌ ‌a‌ ‌check‌ ‌on‌ ‌legislation‌ ‌and‌ ‌executive‌ ‌power‌ ‌when‌ ‌presented‌ ‌with‌ ‌a‌ ‌legal‌ ‌question.‌ ‌The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌hears‌ ‌all‌ ‌Constitutional‌ ‌legal‌ ‌matters‌ ‌and‌ ‌is‌ ‌the‌ ‌final‌ ‌appellate‌ ‌court‌ ‌for‌ ‌verdicts‌ ‌made‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌lower‌ ‌courts.‌ ‌The‌ ‌decision‌ ‌is‌ ‌final‌ ‌-‌ ‌there‌ ‌are‌ ‌no‌ ‌further‌ ‌appeals‌ ‌once‌ ‌a‌ ‌matter‌ ‌has‌ ‌been‌ ‌decided‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌
Supreme‌ ‌Court ‌and‌ ‌the‌ ‌decision‌ ‌is‌ ‌binding‌ ‌on‌ ‌all‌ ‌other‌ ‌courts.‌ ‌Each‌ ‌Justice‌ ‌makes‌ ‌their‌ ‌own‌ ‌verdict‌ ‌on‌ ‌
cases,‌ ‌and‌ ‌where‌ ‌decisions‌ ‌are‌ ‌not‌ ‌unanimous,‌ ‌the‌ ‌decision‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌majority‌ ‌prevails ‌if‌ ‌a‌ ‌majority‌ ‌is‌ ‌not‌ ‌
attainable‌ ‌the‌ ‌Chief‌ ‌Justice’s‌ ‌ruling‌ ‌shall‌ ‌prevail.‌ ‌Where‌ ‌there‌ ‌is‌ ‌a‌ ‌failure‌ ‌to‌ ‌appear,‌ ‌the‌ ‌presiding‌ ‌Justices‌ ‌
will‌ ‌deliver‌ ‌a‌ ‌verdict‌ ‌considering‌ ‌the‌ ‌facts‌ ‌presented‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌Court.‌ ‌Cases‌ ‌for‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌shall‌ ‌be‌ ‌
in‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Courthouse‌ ‌subforum.‌ ‌In‌ ‌order‌ ‌for‌ ‌cases‌ ‌to‌ ‌go‌ ‌before‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court,‌ ‌the‌ ‌appellant‌ ‌or‌ ‌plaintiff‌ ‌must‌ ‌have‌ ‌a‌ ‌Lawyer.‌ ‌

Powers‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌is‌ ‌the‌ ‌appellate‌ ‌court‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌Federal Court of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌where‌ ‌
proceedings‌ ‌or‌ ‌jurisdiction‌ ‌of‌ ‌any‌ ‌Court‌ ‌or‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌is‌ ‌in‌ ‌question.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌has‌ ‌the‌ ‌power‌ ‌to‌ ‌accept‌ ‌or‌ ‌reject‌ ‌appeals‌ ‌of‌ ‌Circuit‌ ‌Court‌ ‌verdicts‌ ‌if‌ ‌
grounded‌ ‌in‌ ‌points‌ ‌of‌ ‌law.‌ ‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌has‌ ‌the‌ ‌power‌ ‌to‌ ‌review‌ ‌all‌ ‌Constitutional‌ ‌challenges‌ ‌made‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌
Federal Court.‌ ‌
Only‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌shall‌ ‌hear‌ ‌cases‌ ‌that‌ ‌would‌ ‌remove‌ ‌a‌ ‌person/persons‌ ‌from‌ ‌the‌ ‌following‌ ‌
positions:‌ ‌Representatives,‌ ‌Secretary,‌ ‌Senator,‌ ‌Judge,‌ ‌Vice-President,‌ ‌Principal‌ ‌Officers,‌ ‌General‌ ‌Advisors,‌ ‌President.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌is‌ ‌responsible‌ ‌for‌ ‌resolving‌ ‌disputes‌ ‌between‌ ‌Government‌ ‌Institutions.‌ ‌
In‌ ‌a‌ ‌case‌ ‌of‌ ‌extraordinary‌ ‌circumstance‌ ‌that‌ ‌doesn’t‌ ‌clearly‌ ‌fit‌ ‌into‌ ‌any‌ ‌established‌ ‌category,‌ ‌the‌ ‌
Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌can‌ ‌decide‌ ‌which‌ ‌level‌ ‌of‌ ‌court‌ ‌the‌ ‌case‌ ‌can‌ ‌be‌ ‌heard‌ ‌in.‌ ‌
The‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌of‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌and‌ ‌its‌ ‌individual‌ ‌Justices‌ ‌may‌ ‌exercise‌ ‌the‌ ‌responsibilities‌ ‌of‌ ‌any‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌lower‌ ‌courts.‌ ‌ ‌




Judges‌ ‌
Judges‌ ‌are‌ ‌responsible‌ ‌for‌ ‌presiding‌ ‌over‌ ‌and‌ ‌delivering‌ ‌non-biased‌ ‌verdicts‌ ‌on‌ ‌all‌ ‌lawsuits.‌ ‌Magistrates‌ ‌
are‌ ‌to‌ ‌be‌ ‌appointed‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌to‌ ‌serve‌ ‌on‌ ‌the‌ ‌District‌ ‌Court.‌ ‌ ‌
Federal Court Judges,‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court‌ ‌Justices,‌ ‌and‌ ‌the‌ ‌Chief‌ ‌Justice‌ ‌are‌ ‌to‌ ‌be‌ ‌nominated‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌
President‌ ‌and‌ ‌approved‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌Senate.‌ ‌Where‌ ‌there‌ ‌is‌ ‌no‌ ‌Chief‌ ‌Justice,‌ ‌the‌ ‌most‌ ‌senior‌ ‌Justice‌ ‌is‌ ‌Chief‌ ‌
Justice‌ ‌by‌ ‌default‌ ‌until‌ ‌otherwise‌ ‌provided.”‌ ‌

If‌ ‌there‌ ‌are‌ ‌no‌ ‌Justices‌ ‌on‌ ‌the‌ ‌Supreme‌ ‌Court,‌ ‌the‌ ‌President‌ ‌shall‌ ‌have‌ ‌one‌ ‌week‌ ‌to‌ ‌nominate‌ ‌a‌ ‌Justice‌ ‌
or‌ ‌Chief‌ ‌Justice.‌ ‌If‌ ‌the‌ ‌President‌ ‌fails‌ ‌to‌ ‌nominate‌ ‌a‌ ‌candidate‌ ‌for‌ ‌the‌ ‌senate‌ ‌to‌ ‌review,‌ ‌it‌ ‌shall‌ ‌be‌ ‌
considered‌ ‌a‌ ‌breach‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌Redmont‌ ‌Constitution‌ ‌and‌ ‌an‌ ‌Impeachable‌ ‌Offense.‌ ‌


Judicial‌ ‌Independence‌ ‌
(1)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌avoid‌ ‌impropriety‌ ‌and‌ ‌the‌ ‌appearance‌ ‌of‌ ‌impropriety‌ ‌in‌ ‌activities‌ ‌revolving‌ ‌around‌ ‌
politics‌ ‌and‌ ‌law.‌ ‌
(2)‌ ‌A‌ ‌judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌respect‌ ‌and‌ ‌comply‌ ‌with‌ ‌the‌ ‌FREACC‌ ‌Act‌ ‌to‌ ‌promote‌ ‌public‌ ‌confidence‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌integrity‌ ‌
and‌ ‌impartiality‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌judiciary.‌ ‌
(3)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌not‌ ‌allow‌ ‌family,‌ ‌social,‌ ‌political,‌ ‌financial,‌ ‌or‌ ‌other‌ ‌relationships‌ ‌to‌ ‌influence‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌
conduct‌ ‌or‌ ‌judgment.‌ ‌
(4)‌ ‌A‌ ‌judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌neither‌ ‌lend‌ ‌the‌ ‌prestige‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌office‌ ‌to‌ ‌advance‌ ‌the‌ ‌private‌ ‌interests‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌
Judge‌ ‌or‌ ‌others‌ ‌nor‌ ‌convey‌ ‌or‌ ‌permit‌ ‌others‌ ‌to‌ ‌convey‌ ‌the‌ ‌impression‌ ‌that‌ ‌they‌ ‌are‌ ‌in‌ ‌a‌ ‌special‌ ‌position‌ ‌
to‌ ‌influence‌ ‌the‌ ‌Judge.‌ ‌

Judicial‌ ‌Responsibilities‌ ‌
(1)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌perform‌ ‌the‌ ‌duties‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌office‌ ‌fairly,‌ ‌impartially,‌ ‌and‌ ‌diligently.‌ ‌
(2)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌not‌ ‌be‌ ‌discouraged‌ ‌when‌ ‌creating‌ ‌verdicts‌ ‌by‌ ‌the‌ ‌interests‌ ‌of‌ ‌others,‌ ‌public‌ ‌opinions,‌ ‌
or‌ ‌fear‌ ‌of‌ ‌criticism.‌ ‌
(3)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌not‌ ‌make‌ ‌public‌ ‌comments‌ ‌on‌ ‌ongoing‌ ‌or‌ ‌impending‌ ‌litigation‌ ‌that‌ ‌the‌ ‌judge‌ ‌is‌ ‌
handling.‌ ‌This‌ ‌does‌ ‌not‌ ‌apply‌ ‌to‌ ‌public‌ ‌statements‌ ‌made‌ ‌by‌ ‌a‌ ‌judge‌ ‌in‌ ‌an‌ ‌official‌ ‌capacity‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌course‌ ‌of‌ ‌
discharging‌ ‌their‌ ‌official‌ ‌duties,‌ ‌explanations‌ ‌of‌ ‌court‌ ‌procedures,‌ ‌and‌ ‌objective‌ ‌presentations‌ ‌for‌ ‌the‌ ‌
purpose‌ ‌of‌ ‌legal‌ ‌education.‌ ‌

Disqualification‌ ‌
(1)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌disqualify‌ ‌themselves‌ ‌from‌ ‌a‌ ‌case‌ ‌in‌ ‌which‌ ‌the‌ ‌Judge’s‌ ‌impartiality‌ ‌might‌ ‌reasonably‌ ‌
be‌ ‌in‌ ‌question,‌ ‌including‌ ‌the‌ ‌following‌ ‌instances:‌ ‌
(a)‌ ‌The‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌has‌ ‌a‌ ‌personal‌ ‌bias‌ ‌or‌ ‌prejudice‌ ‌concerning‌ ‌a‌ ‌party,‌ ‌
(b)‌ ‌The‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌has‌ ‌a‌ ‌financial‌ ‌interest‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌subject‌ ‌matter.‌ ‌
(c)‌ ‌The‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌has‌ ‌a‌ ‌close‌ ‌relationship‌ ‌with‌ ‌an‌ ‌individual‌ ‌that‌ ‌is‌ ‌concerned‌ ‌within‌ ‌the‌ ‌case.‌ ‌
(d)‌ ‌The‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌acted‌ ‌in‌ ‌such‌ ‌a‌ ‌way‌ ‌that‌ ‌gave‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌authority‌ ‌without‌ ‌a‌ ‌court‌ ‌case.‌ ‌

Extrajudicial‌ ‌Activities‌
(1)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌may‌ ‌only‌ ‌engage‌ ‌in‌ ‌extrajudicial‌ ‌activities‌ ‌that‌ ‌are‌ ‌consistent‌ ‌with‌ ‌the‌ ‌obligations‌ ‌of‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌
office.‌ ‌
(2)‌ ‌A‌ ‌judge ‌shall‌ ‌not‌ ‌act‌ ‌with‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌authority‌ ‌unless‌ ‌the‌ ‌judge’s‌ ‌official‌ ‌duties‌ ‌are‌ ‌apparent‌ ‌and‌ ‌
authorize‌ ‌such‌ ‌action.‌ ‌Such‌ ‌actions‌ ‌should‌ ‌not‌ ‌be‌ ‌interpreted‌ ‌as‌ ‌carrying‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌authority.‌ ‌
(3)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌not‌ ‌practice‌ ‌law‌ ‌nor‌ ‌serve‌ ‌as‌ ‌a‌ ‌lawyer‌ ‌unless‌ ‌it‌ ‌is‌ ‌on‌ ‌behalf‌ ‌of‌ ‌themselves.‌ ‌

Financial‌ ‌Activities‌ ‌
(1)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌may‌ ‌hold‌ ‌and‌ ‌manage‌ ‌investments,‌ ‌including‌ ‌real‌ ‌estate,‌ ‌and‌ ‌engage‌ ‌in‌ ‌other‌ ‌financially‌ ‌
rewarding‌ ‌activity,‌ ‌but‌ ‌should‌ ‌refrain‌ ‌from‌ ‌financial‌ ‌and‌ ‌business‌ ‌dealings‌ ‌that‌ ‌exploit‌ ‌the‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌
position‌ ‌or‌ ‌involve‌ ‌the‌ ‌judge‌ ‌in‌ ‌frequent‌ ‌transactions‌ ‌or‌ ‌continuing‌ ‌business‌ ‌relationships‌ ‌through‌ ‌
private‌ ‌enterprise‌ ‌with‌ ‌lawyers‌ ‌or‌ ‌other‌ ‌persons‌ ‌likely‌ ‌to‌ ‌come‌ ‌before‌ ‌the‌ ‌court‌ ‌on‌ ‌which‌ ‌the‌ ‌judge‌ ‌
serves.‌ ‌
(2)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌may‌ ‌serve‌ ‌as‌ ‌a‌ ‌director,‌ ‌active‌ ‌partner,‌ ‌manager,‌ ‌advisor,‌ ‌or‌ ‌employee‌ ‌of‌ ‌business‌ ‌as‌ ‌long‌ ‌as‌ ‌
the‌ ‌judge‌ ‌holds‌ ‌themselves‌ ‌within‌ ‌a‌ ‌professional‌ ‌manner‌ ‌that‌ ‌upholds‌ ‌the‌ ‌integrity‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌judiciary.‌ ‌
(3)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌not‌ ‌disclose‌ ‌or‌ ‌use‌ ‌nonpublic‌ ‌information‌ ‌acquired‌ ‌in‌ ‌a‌ ‌judicial‌ ‌capacity‌ ‌for‌ ‌any‌ ‌
purpose‌ ‌unrelated‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌Judge’s‌ ‌official‌ ‌duties.‌ ‌

Political‌ ‌Activities‌ ‌
(1)‌ ‌While‌ ‌judges‌ ‌may‌ ‌endorse‌ ‌candidates‌ ‌for‌ ‌office‌ ‌in‌ ‌a‌ ‌personal‌ ‌capacity,‌ ‌they‌ ‌may‌ ‌not‌ ‌join‌ ‌any‌ ‌
campaign‌ ‌in‌ ‌an‌ ‌official‌ ‌capacity‌ ‌nor‌ ‌excessively‌ ‌engage‌ ‌in‌ ‌political‌ ‌activity.‌ ‌
(2)‌ ‌A‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌should‌ ‌not‌ ‌solicit‌ ‌funds‌ ‌or‌ ‌make‌ ‌a‌ ‌contribution‌ ‌to‌ ‌a‌ ‌political‌ ‌organization‌ ‌or‌ ‌candidate.‌ ‌
(3)‌ ‌Judges‌ ‌may‌ ‌not‌ ‌use‌ ‌their‌ ‌office‌ ‌to‌ ‌the‌ ‌benefit‌ ‌of‌ ‌any‌ ‌political‌ ‌movement‌ ‌or‌ ‌campaign,‌ ‌including‌ ‌their‌ ‌
own‌ ‌political‌ ‌enterprises.‌ ‌
(4)‌ ‌Judges‌ ‌should‌ ‌refrain‌ ‌from‌ ‌giving‌ ‌their‌ ‌opinion‌ ‌on‌ ‌a‌ ‌contentious‌ ‌political‌ ‌matter.‌ ‌
(5)‌ ‌Judges‌ ‌may‌ ‌not‌ ‌seek‌ ‌political‌ ‌office.‌ ‌

Speaker‌ ‌of‌ ‌The‌ ‌House‌ ‌
(1)‌ ‌The‌ ‌constitution‌ ‌states‌ ‌that‌ ‌the‌ ‌Speaker‌ ‌of‌ ‌The‌ ‌House‌ ‌can‌ ‌become‌ ‌a‌ ‌judge‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌event‌ ‌that‌ ‌no‌ ‌other‌ ‌judge‌ ‌can‌ ‌take‌ ‌the‌ ‌case.‌ ‌As‌ ‌they‌ ‌are‌ ‌not‌ ‌fully‌ ‌a‌ ‌part‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌Judiciary‌ ‌they‌ ‌are‌ ‌not‌ ‌expected‌ ‌to‌ ‌follow‌ ‌the‌ FREACC‌ ‌act.‌ ‌However,‌ ‌when‌ ‌they‌ ‌become‌ ‌a‌ ‌Judge‌ ‌for‌ ‌a‌ ‌case,‌ ‌they‌ ‌are‌ ‌expected‌ ‌to‌ ‌follow‌ ‌the‌ ‌Judicial‌ ‌Responsibilities‌ ‌and‌ ‌Extra Judicial‌ ‌Activities‌ ‌section‌ ‌of‌ ‌the‌ ‌FREACC‌ ‌act.‌ ‌
Chief Justice: Westray
Justice: MilkCrack
Judge: BubbaRC
Judge: Matthew100x
Judge: Vacancy
Judge: Vacancy

Useful links for the Court:
Supreme Court
Federal Court
District Court
Judicial Library


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SECTION III - THE PRESIDENT & CABINET

Executive Power

Executive power is vested in the President and Cabinet. The Executive branch, consisting of the President, Cabinet, and government departments, administers and enforces the law respectively, as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.

Role of the President
The President is both the Head of State and Head of Government. The President is responsible for the execution and enforcement of the law.
  • Grant reprieves and pardons to citizens charged with breaking the law, with the exception of impeachment.
  • The President nominates, appoints, and dismisses members of the Executive Cabinet.
  • Vested in the President is the power to assent to or veto legislation passed by Congress.
  • The President is the chairperson of Cabinet and therefore calls for and adjourns meetings.
  • The President may issue non-complex Executive Orders for the good governance of the server. The President must issue Executive Orders if and when requested by the Owner.
  • The President also has the power to dissolve the House of Representatives if requested by the Speaker, and the Senate if requested by the President Pro Tempore.
  • The President and his Departments may not spend government funds in a way that would conflict with appropriations.
  • Department balances may not be less than $0.00. In the event that a Department’s balance reaches $0.00 all spending related to this Department must cease, excluding salaries which will then come from the DCGovernment balance. Neither the Executive nor the Congress shall have the power to cease salaries to any person or group which holds a government position.
  • The President may at any time unless otherwise codified in law outside this Constitution, propose a budget for any individual or multiple departments to the House of Representatives.
  • The President may, at any time and for any reason or no reason at all, remove a Secretary, Principal Officer, or General Advisor from their position. The President may NOT remove any department employee, excluding those that may be removed under the terms of the previous clause, or the Vice President of the Commonwealth of Redmont. The President may advise their Secretaries to fire an employee. In the event that the serving President is simultaneously serving as Secretary, they may fire any employee of the department for which they are Secretary only.
  • The President has the power to sign international treaties, or ask somebody to sign them as the representative of the government. The President is the only person able to decide to revoke/leave any international treaty. The decision of signing, revoking, or leaving a treaty needs to be approved by the Senate through a simple majority vote.
Election
The President and Vice President both serve a four-month term, with the election falling in the consecutive month to the most recent Congressional Election. In order to assume office, the Presidential candidate must attain a simple majority.

A Presidential candidate will choose a running mate prior to the electoral ballot, to serve as Vice President.

“In order to run for President, the player needs to meet these requirements:
  • Has been 4 months since the player’s initial join date.
  • Has accrued 300 hours of active playtime.
  • Is an active participant in the community, in-game, on discord, and on the forums.
  • At the beginning of every presidential term, all cabinet positions must be nominated/re-nominated and approved by the Senate.
  • A President cannot serve consecutive terms.
In order to run for Vice President, the player needs to meet these requirements:
  • Has accrued 150 hours of active playtime.
  • Is an active participant in the community, in-game, on discord, and on forums.
  • At the beginning of every presidential term, all cabinet positions must be nominated/re-nominated and approved by the Senate.
  • A Vice President cannot be the last President.”
The Presidential Election shall be conducted through a process of instant runoff Single Transferable Vote. If no candidate receives an outright majority in any Presidential election, a 24-hour runoff election shall be held at the soonest time possible in which only the two highest-voted candidates shall be listed on the ballot. In the event that more than two candidates tied for first place, all candidates which tied for first place shall be listed. In the event that one candidate received a plurality and multiple candidates tied for second, the highest voted candidate plus all candidates tied for second shall be listed. In the event of a tie during a 2-way runoff, the House shall decide among the runoff presidential candidates the next president and the Senate shall decide among the runoff vice-presidential candidates the next vice president. During this time the incumbent President shall administer the departments.

Immediately following the election, the winner of such will be declared the President-Elect. The incumbent President will remain President until the 15th when the Commencement of the President-Elect's term as President will begin.

Order of Succession
In the event that the President is incapacitated, removed from office, or inactive for more than 7 days unannounced, the title of President shall pass in the following order of succession, but lower positions on this order of succession do not rise to fill any vacancies created by this process :
Vice President
Speaker of The House of Representatives
President Pro Tempore of The Senate
Secretary of the Department of State.
Secretary of the Department of Justice.
Secretary of the Department of Education & Commerce.
Secretary of the Department of Public Affairs.
Secretary of the Department of Construction & Transport.
Secretary of the Department of Health.
Secretary of the Department of Environment & Recreation.
Attorney General

Role of the Vice President
The Vice President is second to the President and acts as their sole adviser.

Powers of the Vice President
Where the President is unable to fulfill their duties or is absent for an extended period of time, the Vice President assumes the role of President in an Acting capacity, bearing all responsibilities and powers of the President.

In the event that the role of Vice President becomes vacant, the President shall have the power to nominate a new Vice President which must be confirmed by the Senate. The President Pro Tempore shall break the tie should one arise

Role of the Cabinet.
The Cabinet is a group of advisers to the President known as secretaries & Executive Officers, who collectively administer and guide government decision-making and policy. The body holds no power outside of department & office policy, instead, it derives its power through advising the President.

1. Responsible for community engagement through events and media.
2. Oversees Government-owned assets, including any cities and towns, plots, apartments, and buildings, as well as the management of the GDP and Government balance.
3. Responsible for changes (not law) in economic systems, transportation systems, and town/city systems.
4. Cabinet can put forward proposals to staff for plugins.
No person shall hold the position of President, Vice President, Secretary, Executive Officer, or any other Principal Officer position simultaneously with a position as Representative or Senator.

Secretaries
Secretaries & Executive Officers are members of the cabinet who each lead a government department or portfolio. It is the Secretary's job to oversee the efficient operations of their department and to create and amend department policy in conjunction with the Government's direction. They appoint and dismiss employees of their respective departments.

Executive Officers are members of the cabinet who each lead executive offices, it is the Executive Officer's responsibility to oversee the efficient operations of their office and to create and amend office policy in conjunction with the Government's direction. They appoint and dismiss employees of their respective departments.
Executive Offices and Officers are required to remain unbiased, impartial and are required to defend the constitution and the laws of the commonwealth over the will of the current administration and president.

Secretaries & Executive Officers are nominated by the President and approved by the Senate, continuing to serve at the pleasure of the President. A Secretary or Executive officer may be removed from office should they be impeached by the House and removed from office by the Senate.

Presidents-Elect may nominate Secretaries and Executive Officers, still approved by the Senate, preceding their inauguration. These nominees may only take office as Secretaries & Executive Officers following the inauguration of the President-Elect.

The full title of an Executive Officer is their specified title for example the “Attorney General.”

Example: The Attorney General, is responsible for the Office of the Attorney General.

Government Departments & Offices
Government Departments, Offices and their employees fall under the executive arm of Government. The current departments & offices are:

Department of State (DoS):
The Department of State is charged with the Executive oversight and evaluation of departments and the cabinet. In addition, the Department of State is charged with the internal auditing and performance of all Government Departments and is responsible for writing the President's State of the Commonwealth address. The Department of State is also responsible for the administration and facilitation of towns as well as any communication between towns and the executive branch, which must be done through the Department of State. The Department of State shall lead matters of foreign relations with Governments outside the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth of Redmont. The Department of State shall oversee and manage federal elections.​

Department of Justice (DoJ):
The department is charged with maintaining the peace and good order of the server, through lawfully exercising its power to enforce the laws of the Commonwealth of Redmont. The department oversees the Police Officer employment of Redmont. Additionally, the department is responsible for the administration of an impound and providing security to government officials and events.​
Department of Education & Commerce (DEC): The department is charged with maintaining the country's economic state, as well as updating country guidelines and laws. The department oversees economist and draftsman employment. Additionally, the department is charged with the administration of government grants and the registration of companies.​
Department of Public Affairs (DPA): The department is charged with organizing and hosting server community events, elections, and surveys. The department oversees Event Coordinator and Tour Guide employment. Additionally, the department is responsible for the administration of the country's social media accounts and the administration of cabinet meetings.​
Department of Construction & Transportation (DCT): The department is charged with the creation of Government infrastructure and maintenance of build quality throughout the country's urban environments. The department oversees Constructor and Building Inspector employment. Additionally, the department is responsible for the administration of a DCT store and Government Tenders.​
Department of Health (DoH): The Department of Health is responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the country's health systems. The department oversees Doctor and Medical Specialist employment.​
Department of Environment & Recreation (DER): The department is charged with maintaining the aesthetic of the country, through repairing and revitalizing the natural landscape and assorted urban community spaces. The department oversees Ranger employment and farming practices around the country. Additionally, the department is responsible for the administration of a DER store, an Animal Shelter, and a Zoo. The maintenance of all government recreation facilities falls under the jurisdiction of the DER.​
Offices of the Attorney General: Charged with legally defending, investigating, and prosecuting on behalf of the Government. The Office oversees the Redmont Bar Association and is charged with the employment of Prosecutors and Office employees. The Office of the Attorney General while an executive Office is to act in an unbiased fashion, No member of the Office of the Attorney General may legally represent or assist in intergovernmental dispute between the Legislative and Executive.​

President: _Austin27_
Vice President: Vanquish_ap

Secretary of State: DrThunder7
Secretary of Education and Commerce (Treasurer): hugebob23456
Secretary of Construction and Transport: Mhadsher101
Secretary of Justice: ElainaThomas29
Secretary of Public Affairs: Vanquish_ap
Secretary of Health: belovria
Secretary of Environment & Recreation: L0NE_PH4NT0M

Office of the President:
(1) The President may nominate general advisors and principal officers not bound to any department. The President must first receive Congressional approval to create any such position. Congress may at any time remove the position via the regular legislative process. Any such position must be labeled either a Principal Officer or a General Advisor.

(2) The President requires general advisors to assist in the daily operations of the executive branch, to serve at his or her pleasure.

(3) The following positions are general advisors:
General Advisors
Chief of Staff: Vacant
Special Advisors: LilDigiVert and Sicspoti
Press Advisor: huney69
(4) The President is limited on the number of special advisors they can appoint, the limitations are as follows:
a. The President may appoint up to one Chief of Staff.
b. The President may appoint up to three Special Advisors.
c. The President may appoint one Press Advisor.

(5)The President requires principal advisors to assist in the daily operations of the executive branch, to serve at his or her pleasure. Principal Officers must be approved by the Senate just as any Secretary and may be subject to Impeachment and removal from office.

(6) The following positions are principal advisors:
Principal Officers
Ambassador: Vacant
(7) There may be no more than one Ambassador per country or international organization the Commonwealth of Redmont chooses to have foreign relations with.

Useful links for the President & Cabinet:
Cabinet

3



SECTION IV - RIGHTS & FREEDOMS

Rights & Freedoms

The Redmont Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees the rights and freedoms set out in it, subject only to such reasonable limits prescribed by law that are justified in a free and democratic society.

I. The right to participate in, and run for elected office, unless as punishment for a crime.​
II. The right to vote in elections, provided the player has been online within 1 month as the votes are counted.​
a. Has been online within 1 month as the votes are counted.​
b. Has accrued 12 or more hours of playtime in the last 30 days.​
III. The right to vote a Government official out of his or her office.​
IV. All accused are entitled to appeal a charge made against them by the state.​
V. No citizen is to be made to produce self-incriminating evidence in a court of law.​
VI. Freedom of Political Communication.​
VII. Criminals, although broke the law, are still citizens of the server and therefore entitled to their rights.​
VIII. Unless otherwise codified in law outside this Constitution, all players are to be granted Citizenship upon joining the server for the first time.​
IX. Any citizen, criminal or otherwise will have the right to a speedy and fair trial presided over by an impartial Judge.​
X. Freedom of the Press and Media​
XI. Freedom of Peaceful Assembly.​
XII. Freedom of Association.​
XIII. Every citizen is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and equal benefit of the law without unfair discrimination and, in particular, without unfair discrimination based on political belief or social status.​
XIV. Every citizen has the right to life, liberty, and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.​
XV. Every citizen has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure.​
XVI. No citizen shall be tried or punished again for an offence regarding a single criminal act for which they have already been finally convicted or acquitted of, in accordance with the law.​
SECTION V - CHANGES TO THE CONSTITUTION

Changing the Constitution
A constitutional change must satisfy these requirements beyond the normal congressional process when an amendment is in relation to a complex change or a rights and freedoms change:
  • A Representative must pose a referendum on forums where citizens, over the course of 3 days, will vote on the proposed amendment.
  • A supermajority needs to be achieved via public referendum, only if the amendment is for a complex change.
  • A super majority is achieved in both chambers of Congress.
  • Presidential Assent
SECTION VI - THE OWNER'S RELATIONSHIP WITH GOVERNMENT

Staff & Government
The Owner is the only bridging between Staff and Government.

Owner Override
For the Benefit of the server, the Owner retains the reserve power to completely override any Government decision.
The Owner will communicate this override through the President where possible.
Owner override cannot be overturned, however, the owner will work with the President to seek an alternative option.
The Owner will advise the President where requested and or give input into the country’s efficient running and staff workload.

Dissolution of a Presidential Administration
The Owner can dissolve a Presidential administration and trigger a subsequent election.

SECTION VII - DEFINING KEY TERMS

Super Majority
A vote of 2/3rds majority.

Executive Order
A lawful directive issued by the President in the pursuit of his or her duties. For such directive to be lawful, it must not amend the Constitution or any law outside the Constitution. Executive Orders must only be used as a mechanism by which the President can exert powers expressly granted to the Executive within the Constitution.

Complex Change
A complex change includes the following and needs to be discussed with the Owner before being signed by the President:
  • Changes to the System of Government.
  • Plugin-related changes.
  • Changes involving significant staff involvement.
  • Creation of new towns/cities/urban establishments.
  • A Rights & Freedoms change.
Defining System of Government Changes
Any changes that:
  • Affect the distribution of power between different parts and levels of the state.
  • Changes to Government Departments.
  • Significant changes to the system by which the state is governed in general.
Veto Override
Where Congress has the power to override a Presidential Veto, a super-majority must be achieved in both chambers of Congress to nullify the Veto, for Presidential Assent to be assumed.
a. Where the Presidential Veto applies to a Constitutional change, an 80% majority (rounded up where not exact) must be achieved in both chambers of Congress to nullify the Veto, for Presidential Assent to be assumed.

Congressional Caretaker Mode
Only necessary bills are to be proposed to ensure the efficient running of the Government; however, any motion may be proposed but is required to reach a supermajority in order to pass.

Impeachment
Impeachment is a constitutional remedy to address serious constitutional offenses. The House will lay charges against an official or an ex-official, specifying what constitutional provisions were violated. Any impeached official or ex-official will be subject to a trial that will be conducted by the Senate. If found guilty of any alleged constitutional offense by the Senate, the official or ex-official in question may be subject to:
  • Immediate removal from office.
  • Ban from elected office for a period of no longer than 2 months.
  • Ban from judicial office for a period of no longer than 2 months.
  • Ban from executive office for a period of no longer than 2 months.
Presidential Pardons
A lawful order to overturn a criminal charge, providing clemency on a charge to an accused player. Any exercise of pardon power shall be issued only in the form of a signed document released to the public.

Incapacitated
The President may be considered incapacitated and unfit to fulfil the duties of the Presidency with the following process: Majority of Cabinet, through the Vice President, brings a motion to the House of Representatives, to declare that the President is unfit for office. The Congress may then vote to remove the President with simple majority in the House of Representatives and supermajority in the Senate.

Allegiance
(1) In order to serve as a Senior Government Official, the office holder must not hold an office as a Senior Government Official in a foreign state concurrently.
(2) Removal will be within the grounds of impeachment for breaching this act.

Senior Government Official
(1) A member of the following:
- Elected office in the State Legislature
- A member of the Supreme Court
- A member of Cabinet

Anthem
The Official Anthem of Redmont is "God Save End", in memory of our first President, xEndeavour. The lyrics are :

God save our President,
Long live our noble Lord,
God save our End:
Send his victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to be over us:
God save the End.

O Lord, our God, arise,
Scatter his enemies,
And make them fall.
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On thee our hopes we fix:
Endeavour.
 
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